Unlocking the Secrets of Sleep Disorder: Types, Causes, and Treatment

Sleep disorder is a mental state of the person that affects the sleep of a person on regular basis, a condition that prevents you from a peaceful sleep and results in daytime sleep and whole-time sleepiness. It’s very common, about 70 million people in the US suffer from sleep disorders. A normal person can experience a sleep disorder. It’s a syndrome that can negatively impact school and work life, personal relationships, and the health of a person. It can happen to you also. Sometimes regularly feel difficulty sleeping, face various breathing problems, feels tired even after you take proper sleep, and perform less efficiently during daytime activities or not up to your actual capability.

Experts recommend that adults should take proper sleep of at least 7 to 9 hours per night. Nowadays, adults are more involved in web series and other internet-based activities, playing games and working from home becoming popular, and sleeping hours are reducing. In children, having a television in the bedroom results in the loss of two hours of sleep each week.

A sleep disorder can normally cause tiredness and memory impairment in people of all ages, depression, and leads to various health problems such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes.

Alzheimer’s Disease: A serious disease that can’t be cured but treatment can be done. A person’s memory is stuck due to the abnormal build of proteins in and around brain cells.  Confusion arises and memory loss occurs.

Types of Sleep Disorder

1. Insomnia: This sleep disorder when you face trouble sleeping, either waking up early in the morning or not being able to get back to sleep. Tiredness is still there, not able to focus on your work creates certain problems and insomnia can be acute as well as chronic. Acute when it lasts from one night to a few weeks and chronic when stretched to months.

There are two types of insomnia namely

  • Primary: sleep problems not linked with any health problem.
  • Secondary: causing sleep problems due to health problems such as asthma, pain, and medication.

2. Sleep Apnea: an ailment in which breathing problems occur. A person faces an abnormal pattern of breathing and sometimes if prevention is not taken a person stops breathing in sleep which is quite dangerous.

Two types of sleep apnea are

  • Obstructive sleep apnea: The passage of airways got blocked and includes snoring, fatigue, restlessness, and gasping for air during sleep.
  • Central sleep apnea: It’s related to the central nervous system and the brain’s failure to deliver signals to breathe.

3. Restless Legs Syndrome: in which the legs of a person get blocked and are not able to move at all as someone holds them very tightly. People with this syndrome should keep their legs in motion.

4. Narcolepsy: Sleep occurs in the daytime and it can’t be controlled at all, the patient suffers from muscle weakness with laughter and other emotions 

5. Sleep Paralysis: means when you wake up in the morning and are not able to move your body that’s very much horrible, you can’t able to talk with someone. Most people face it at least once in their lifetime.

Causes of Sleep Disorder

  1. Many factors cause sleep disorders such as respiratory, and breathing problems. If you suffer from colds or upper respiratory infections, they can be very challenging at night.
  2. Nocturia, frequent urination, and waking up from sleep for urine can be very disturbing, and after that waiting for sleep to come and people with urinary problems and hormonal imbalances can lead to a sleep disorder.
  3. A person with anxiety, fear, stress: a person overthinking at night and nightmares, sleep talking might disturb your sleep. Also, people who do night jobs often suffer from sleep problems and insomnia.

Other types included in sleep disorders are a person falling asleep and staying asleep, staying awake, abnormal behaviors during sleeping, etc.

Treatment of Sleep Disorder

  1. Simple measures should be taken such as avoidance of caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol because they prevent you from falling asleep and that’s why some people consume coffee at night to reduce sleep but regularly taken will put you at risk only.
  2. Make a proper schedule for going to bed and waking up in the morning. It will be beneficial for you. Make an effort to rise early in the morning.
  3. Avoid sleeping during the day so that you can get proper sleep during the night too.
  4. On a serious note consult with a healthcare doctor, take medications, and work on the actual cause of sleep disorder.
  5. Sleep in a comfortable and peaceful environment rather than a noisy and disturbing place.


At last, sleep is very much important in life and it affects our life in a very positive way, we feel energetic and positive the whole day and it prevents us from various health diseases along with good mental health too. It keeps us in good mood and allows us to store memories.


What is sleep paralysis? Is it normal or not?

When you wake up in the morning and are not able to move your body while your mind is stuck between waking up and sleeping. Yes, it’s normal for people in their life experiences this at least once but terrible too.

Why should coffee not be taken at night?

It contains caffeine and caffeine prevents you from falling asleep or prevents you from sleeping.

Is it reasonable to take daytime naps? Why?

Yes, sometimes it’s good to take daytime naps because short intervals keep you energetic and boosts your energy but sleeping for a long period can be harmful as it reduces the chance of getting good sleep at night.